The general assembly of LN was formed by the representatives of all member states, which met at least once a year. Each member state had a vote, and most resolutions had to be passed by a unanimous vote. For UN, the general assembly is formed by all member states of the UN, each member state has one vote. The general assembly meets once a year, but extra meetings can be held at any time in care of emergency. All major resolutions must be passed by two-thirds of votes.
Others can be passed with a simple majority. The structure was greatly improved when comparing LN and UN. Also, the policies of UN are closer to the reality and meet the social needs. The regular meeting of LN is just once a year, it is far more not enough and not effective in solving the international affairs. Only one meeting could not solve and help much. Also, the resolutions needed to pass a unanimous vote are time consuming and ineffective, there were so many affairs need the LN to deal with, it was uneasy to have all pass, so it delayed the efficiency when dealing with the problems and solving the conflicts between countries.
The UN only needs two-thirds of votes which is easier to achieve and more effective. Moreover, the LN did not have any solutions for the other less important resolutions while the UN does so. That shows the members of UN are more willing to participate and solve international conflicts and problems than LN. The United Nations was more successful than the League of Nations in maintaining world peace by comparing with their structure. The enforcement power of the UN is stronger than LN as the measures adopt were more effective.
The Successes and Failures of the League of Nations
The enforcement power of LN was very weak. If the states in dispute failed to listen to the L, the L could introduce economic sanctions. There was no military force of the L, as no member of the L provides the military force. For example, in , Japan invaded China.
China asked the L for help but the L only denounced Japan as an aggressor and declared Japan violated the international agreements.
The L was totally unable to stop the Japanese invasion of China. Also, in , when the Italian troops invaded Abyssinia, the L denounced Italy as an aggressor and imposed economic sanctions on it and failed to stop its invasion. It shows that the L had no enforcement power to stop the aggressors and failed in maintaining peace.
Meanwhile, the UN has a stronger enforcement power in solving international conflicts. The UN can adopt economic and trade sanctions, travel bans, arms embargoes, financial or diplomatic restrictions. If the conflict escalates into an armed struggle or a war, the UN will take military action, either peacekeeping operations or enforcement operations. The League closed down four Swiss drugs companies, and attacked slave owners.
Was the league of nations successful essay
However, there were also failures. The League sometimes failed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles e.
The League could not stop powerful nations e. Also, the ILO failed to bring in a hour week, and both disarmament conferences failed — in because Britain objected and in because Germany walked out. Judged against these aims, the League was quite successful in the s.
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It stopped border disputes turning into wars. In Silesia in it held a plebiscite and suggested a partition, which stopped a war between Germany and Poland. It arbitrated between Sweden and Finland over the Aaland Islands in — its investigation showed that the islands belonged to Finland. Finally, when Greece invaded Bulgaria in , the League ordered Greece to withdraw, which it did. It took , Prisoners of War home. It set up refugee camps after the war between Turkey and Greece.
The Health Committee worked against leprosy and malaria. The League closed down four Swiss companies which were selling drugs, and attacked slave owners in Burma and Sierra Leone, setting free , slaves. Finally, its economics experts helped Austria and Hungary These successes, however, are balanced by some failures. The League sometimes failed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles.
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