How effective were the responses of Franklin D. Critically analyze primary source documents to explore the role of government during a national crisis.
Conclusion: The Legacy of the New Deal
Develop a thorough understanding of how FDR politically and economically approached the vast problems of the Great Depression. Develop an understanding of the New Deal and be able to discuss both positive aspects and criticisms of this plan. Have them write their thesis paragraph in class in groups of three and swap papers to look for the three guiding principles: Did you take a position? Did you offer an interpretation of the question?
Did you offer organizing or controlling ideas which will form the paragraphs of the body? Have them complete the rest of the work on the essay at home Additional Activity Have the students create Document Based Essay.
Resource Type Lesson Plan. Curriculum Subject Government and Civics.
The Great Depression and The New Deal
Eventually led to or year mortgages. The HOLC stopped operating in Supported fair competition in businesses, established the right for workers to bargain collectively, regulated working hours, and more.
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- Much more than documents.!
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- The Second New Deal: 1935–1938.
- The New Deal | AP US History Study Guide from The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt: Domestic Affairs | Miller Center.
The NIA is widely considered to be a failure, since it led to monopolies, labor unrest, and lack of support in the business community. This act established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC , which gave government the authority to investigate and supervise banks, gave federal oversight to all commercial banks, and stopped banks from paying interest on checking accounts, among other banking reform measures.
Parts of this act were later repealed in , which some say led to the financial crisis of the late s. The FDIC still exists today. The CWA was a temporary job creation program that put unemployed people to work building bridges, sewage systems, roads, and more. By the time it ended in , over 4 million people had been given jobs and , miles of road, 30, schools, 3, playgrounds, and 1, airports had been constructed.
This increased the amount of money in circulation, which greatly helped the economy. It also helped the government control the fluctuations of the US dollar. It helped regulate the stock market, enforce federal security laws, and required full disclosure of stock information. It helped Indian people survive the Depression and improved relations with American Indians and the government. Today, this act is still used as the basis for laws regarding Indian affairs. These agencies made low-interest, long-term loans for the construction of low-income housing.
It lowered foreclosures on homes, and formed the basis of the mortgage and housing industries.
Assess the effectiveness of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal
The Second New Deal focused on reforming the nation. FDR initiated this act as a way to get jobless Americans back to work, employing them in large-scale public works, arts, media, and drama programs. This was the largest of all New Deal agencies and mostly employed people to perform unskilled work, constructing public buildings, roads, airfields, hospitals, and more. Any American was allowed to participate, regardless of race, color, religion, or political affiliation.
FDR established the Resettlement Administration RA for the purpose of relocating and resettling poor urban and rural families who had been displaced, implementing soil conservation programs, and providing low-interest loans.
Due to poor management, the program was not as effective as intended and the agency eventually became the Farm Security Administration in The REA was created to bring electricity to rural areas. This completely changed the lives of many rural families and farmers, who now had access to radios, running water, refrigeration, and more. It is still an important law today.
This social welfare act created the Social Security system in the US. This marked the first time a president advocated for federal assistance for the elderly. The act provided benefits and support to retirees, the unemployed, the handicapped, and the aged. It excluded many women and minorities at first, but it has changed over time to improve the lives of millions of Americans.
Roosevelt in the White House and the Democratic Party in control of Congress combined support from the working class and various ethnic and minority groups with already existing strength in the South. The basis of Democratic appeal to blue-collar workers, low-income individuals, and recent immigrant groups largely Catholics and Jews from southern and eastern Europe was the party's liberalism in economic matters. Roosevelt and the Democrats favored federal government activity to combat the Depression and proposed programs to benefit disadvantaged groups.
The Republicans, who appealed more to the middle-class, business groups, and northern white Protestants, were critical of this expansion of government interference in the economy and creation of a variety of social welfare programs. By the late s, the lines between the two parties were clearly drawn, both in ideological and socioeconomic terms Ladd and Hadley ,
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